Watch out for these 15 fallacies among the massive amounts of baloney circulating

A huge amount of baloney circulates throughout society, not just on social media.

Let’s help other people and ourselves avoid getting fooled or misled.

Here is a list of 15 fallacies to watch out for:


Ad Hominem:  Attacking the person instead of dealing rationally with what the person is saying

Straw-man Argument:  Distorting what the other person is saying, and arguing against that instead of what the person has really said

Appeal to Ignorance:  Promoting gullibility and saying something must be true if it has not been explicitly disproven

False Dilemma:  Disregarding the complexity of an issue, and boiling it down into just a few simplistic options, which leads to false solutions

Slippery Slope:  Assuming that something will lead to a series of other things

Circular Argument:  Arguing in a loop that traps the issue in the same nonsense and a big lie

Hasty Generalization:  Using just a few examples to extrapolate to make sweeping (unjustified) conclusions

Red Herring:  Distracting the issue by substituting something else and wanting the other person to focus on that

Appeal to Hypocrisy:  Instead of logically making words and actions consistent, disrupt the connections

Causal Fallacy:  Just because something happened after something else, this does not mean that the second thing caused the first.  (This is also summarized as “correlation does not prove causality.”)

Fallacy of Sunk Costs:  Just because you’ve wasted time or money in something, this does not mean you need to keep pursuing something.  It could be a lost cause.  Know when to stop.

Appeal to Authority:  Just because a supposed expert says something, this does not prove it.

Equivocation:  Using words to confuse or mislead

Appeal to Pity:  Appealing to emotions

Bandwagon Fallacy:  Just because some people believe something does not mean it is true.



Not only should we beware of OTHER PEOPLE using these logical fallacies, but WE OURSELVES must guard against using them ourselves.  Let’s honestly pursue the truth.









About GlenAnderson 1515 Articles
Since the late 1960s Glen Anderson has devoted his life to working as a volunteer for peace, nonviolence, social justice, and progressive political issues. He has worked through many existing organizations and started several. Over the years he has worked especially for such wide-ranging goals as making peace with Vietnam, eliminating nuclear weapons, converting from a military economy to a peacetime economy, abolishing the death penalty, promoting nonviolence at all levels throughout society, and helping people organize and strategize for grassroots movements to solve many kinds of problems. He writes, speaks, and conducts training workshops on a wide variety of topics. Since 1987 he has produced and hosted a one-hour cable TV interview program on many kinds of issues. Since 2017 he has blogged at He lives in Lacey near Olympia WA. You can reach him at (360) 491-9093